Grammar Essentials – Adjectives Part 1
There are five kinds of adjectives.
- Possessive Adjective
- Descriptive Adjective
- Numeral Adjective
- Demonstrative Adjective
- Interrogative Adjective
Possessive Adjective is the adjective which is used to point out the noun that is in possession of someone. These are My, Your, Our, Their, His, Her and Its.
- This is my car.
- Your seat is reserved.
Descriptive Adjective is the adjective that is used to tell the quality of a noun.
- He is a tall boy.
- She is a beautiful lady.
Numeral Adjective is the adjective which is used to show the number of noun.
- Taj Mahal is the seventh wonder of the world.
- She has a few pictures. (few is an indefinite numeral adjective)
Demonstrative Adjective is the adjective which is used to point out the noun. They are this, these, that, and those.
- That lady is very beautiful.
- These muffins smell good.
Interrogative Adjective is the adjective that is used to ask the question. They are where, what, which, etc.
- Which animal do you like?
- Where is the doctor?
Now, we have seen the types of Adjectives. Lets see the forms of Adjectives. Depending on usage, Adjective can be as follows
- Attributively – Adjective placed before noun/pronoun
- This is a juicy mango (juicy placed before mango)
- This is a shining car (shining placed before car)
- Predicatively – Adjective placed after noun/pronoun
- This mango is juicy (juicy placed after mango)
- This car is shining (shining placed after car)
- Older is used for person, animal, or thing. Whereas, Elder is used for members of same family.
- She is my older sister. (same family)
- She is my elder sister.
- Reeta is elder than Raj.
- Reeta is older than Raj
- Mutual means reciprocal. Whereas Common means belonging to two or more
- The common love between the couple blossomed over the years.
- The mutual love between the couple blossomed over the years. (both love each other)
- The siblings exhibit mutual traits.
- The siblings exhibit common traits.
- Further means ‘in addition to’. Farther is used in terms of distance (more distance)
- Any farther notice will not be issued.
- Any further notice will not be issued. (In addition to notice already issued, no more notice is going to be issued)
- Delhi is further than Mumbai.
- Delhi is farther than Mumbai.
- While comparing, more/most is NOT used with words like tall, little, big, small, easy, cold, hot, etc.
- This tea is more hotter than that.
- This tea is hotter than that.
- He is more bigger than me.
- He is bigger than me.
- One, Two, Three etc. are called Cardinal Numbers. First, Second, Third etc are called Ordinal Numbers. By rule, the Ordinal Number is always used before Cardinal Number.
- Complete the ten first questions of this chapter as homework.
- Complete the first ten questions of this chapter as homework.
- Words like Interior, Superior, Junior, Senior, Prefer, etc are always used with ‘To’
- Ram is superior than me.
- Ram is superior to me.
- Tea is preferable than coffee.
- Tea is preferable to coffee.
- ‘Some’ is used for affirmative sentences, uncountable nouns, and requests. ‘Any’ is used with negative sentences and interrogative sentences.
- Will you have any milk? (request)
- Will you have some milk?
- I have any passes left with me. (affirmative sentence)
- I have some passes left with me.
- I don’t have some more money. (negative)
- I don’t have any more money.
- Don’t you have some shame? (negative interrogative)
- Don’t you have any shame?